Whenever the police are involved, knowing and exercising your Constitutional rights will greatly protect you, and will also help Mr. Nobles or Mr. DeCarolis in defending your case.
What you say to police is ALWAYS important. WHAT YOU SAY CAN BE USED AGAINST YOU, and it can give the police reason to arrest you, especially if you insult or harass a police officer. Do not interfere with or obstruct the police, you can be arrested for it.
However, YOU DO NOT HAVE TO ANSWER A POLICE OFFICER'S QUESTIONS. You must show your drivers license and registration when stopped in a vehicle, but in other situations you can not legally be arrested for refusing to identify yourself to a police officer.
YOU DO NOT HAVE TO CONSENT TO A SEARCH of yourself, your car or your house. If you do consent to a search, it can affect your rights later in court. If the police say they have a search warrant, ask to see it.
Read more about what to do in these specific situations:
IF YOU ARE STOPPED BY POLICE?
- Be polite and respectful. Never insult, degrade or harass
a police officer.
- Stay calm and in control of your words, body language and
- Do not get into an argument with the police. Remember,
anything you say or do can be used against you. It can give
the police a reason to arrest you.
- Keep your hands where the police can see them.
- Do not run. Do not touch any police officer.
- Do not resist arrest, even if you believe you are
- Do not complain or tell the police they’re wrong or
that you are going to file a complaint.
- Do not make any statements regarding the incident.
- Ask for a lawyer immediately upon your arrest.
- Remember officers’ badge and patrol car numbers.
- Write down everything you remember as soon as possible.
- Try to find witnesses and their names and phone numbers.
- If you are injured, take photographs of the injuries as
soon as possible.
- If you feel your rights have been violated, file or call
in a complaint with the Internal
Affairs Bureau of the agency by which you were arrested.
IF YOU ARE STOPPED IN YOUR CAR?
- Pull over to a safe area on the side of the road,
turn off your car, and place both hands on the top of
the steering wheel where they can be seen. Do not dig
around in your car or glove box for paperwork until asked to
do so. Only make slow, deliberate moves.
- When asked, show your drivers license, registration and
proof of insurance.
- In certain cases your car can be searched without a warrant, only
if police have probable cause. To protect yourself
later, you should make it clear that you do not consent
to a search. It is not lawful for police to arrest
you simply for refusing to consent to a search.
- If you are given a ticket, you should sign it;
otherwise you can be arrested. You can always fight the case
in court later.
- If you are suspected of drunk driving (DWI)
and refuse to take a test (breath, blood, urine or field sobriety),
your drivers license may be suspended and you may be arrested.
However, this is still the best course of action if
you think you are over the limit, as failing a chemical or physical
test will only help the prosecution's case.
IF YOU ARE ARRESTED OR TAKEN TO A POLICE STATION?
- Take advantage of your right to remain silent and
your right to talk to a lawyer BEFORE you talk to police. Tell
the police NOTHING except your name and address. Do not give
any explanations, excuses or stories. You can make
your defense later, in court, based on what you and your lawyer
decide is best.
- If you have a lawyer, ask to see your lawyer immediately.
If you can not afford a lawyer, you have the right to a free
one once your case goes to court. You can ask the police how
a lawyer can be contacted.
Do not say
anything without a lawyer.
- Within a reasonable time after your arrest or booking, you
should ask the police to contact a family member or friend.
If you are permitted to make a phone call, be very careful,
and never talk about the facts of the case over the telephone.
Anything you say at the precinct may be recorded or
- You must be taken before the judge within 24 hours
of your arrest. Sometimes you can be released without
bail or have bail lowered.
IF YOU ARE STOPPED FOR QUESTIONING?
- It is not a crime to refuse to answer questions.
You can not be arrested for refusing to identify yourself on
- Police may stop and detain you only if they have a reasonable
suspicion that you have committed, are committing or are about
to commit a crime.
- If police have reasonable suspicion that you have a weapon,
they may perform a frisk and pat down your clothing.
Do not physically resist, but make it clear that you do not
consent to any further search.
- Ask if you are under arrest. If you are, you have
the right to know why. If you are not, you have the right to
- Do not bad mouth the police officer or run away,
even if you believe what is happening is unreasonable. That
could lead to your arrest.
IF POLICE COME TO YOUR HOME?
- If the police knock and ask to enter your home,
you do not have to let them in unless they have a warrant signed
by a judge (ask to see it). However, if they can see
an illegal item in plain view from outside the house, then they
have a legitimate reason to enter without a warrant.
- In some emergency situations (like when a person is screaming
for help inside, or when police are chasing someone) officers
are allowed to enter and search your home without a warrant.
- If you are arrested in your home or in your office, the
police may search you and the “grabbable area” immediately
surrounding you or where illegal items are in plain view.